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Explaining The Titles, The ‘letters’ Behind Certain Dog’s Names

i.e. Yaris vom Schwaiger Rathaus Eza biz gkrt ADRK and VDH Champion VDH Bundessieger 2014 (Federal States of Germany Sieger CH) BH, ZTP, AD, IPO 3 *This is not exhaustive, neither is it complete, but it should give all of our visitor’s answers to what the eza’s and IPO3’s and VDH CH’s and more mean in some of our dogs titles*

This is the official governing body for Rottweilers in Germany. The ADRK is accepted worldwide as the Rottweiler breed parent organization. They set the breed standard for the FCI and are responsible for the protection and preservation of the breed. The ADRK are also the guardians of the breed and are the ONLY organization in the world who insists on health and temperament tested breeding within strict and solid limitations. For this reason the ADRK dogs, breed wardens, judges, working judges and breeders are considered correctly to be the ‘parents’ of the Breed. The ADRK will be celebrating its 110th Anniversary next year in 2017. The ADRK KS Show is considered the most important Rottweiler show in the world, and the ADRK DM is the most important IPO CH.

This is the official body that governs all dog breeds in Germany, of which the ADRK is a division.

The FCI is the largest canine organization in the world. It unifies national canine organizations with members and associate members from various countries and continents. In addition to other things, the FCI sanctions national championships and international championships. The rules and titles of the FCI are the most widely accepted in the world. Almost every major country in the world is a member of the FCI with the exceptions of the United States and Great Britain. (New Zealand also has its own breed standard for Rottweilers) The Kennel Union of South Africa, KUSA is a member.

A basic obedience and sociability title, usually given in Germany, and a prerequisite for Schutzhund titles. It is considered to be a traffic safety title. The trial includes on and off leash obedience as well as a temperament test.

In order for a dog to earn this title they must run 20K (about 12.5 miles) in two hours without excessive fatigue. This title is earned in Germany and is a Koerung pre-requisite.

An advanced tracking degree, which includes two levels with increased difficulty (FH and FH II) German.

Tracking, obedience, and protection. All three sections count equally, and all three must be passed in order to earn the degree. The dog must score a passing mark in each of the three phases and gain a total of at least 220 points out of a possible 300 to earn the title. SchH is tested in three progressively harder levels, earning the degree SchH I, SchH II, SchH III, with level three being the hardest.

IPO I simplest. IPO II is intermediate, IPO III is advanced.

Three levels of working degrees equivalent to the SchH and IPO titles.

An (breed suitability test) evaluation of a dog’s conformation, temperament, character, and working ability in order to determine breeding suitability. In Germany, ONLY dogs that have passed this strictest of tests are able to breed. They are designed to select those Rottweilers that are worthy of being bred. The dog’s conformation must be judged of breeding quality and free of disqualifying faults. The dog must have a valid hip and elbow certification and microchip for identification. Once the conformation and soundness qualifications have been met, the dog’s temperament is tested. This test includes a gun sureness test, a protection test, and a test to ensure that the dog is stable around the public. The results of this test are published in the “Kor” book and become a permanent record. The report will also be printed on the pedigree of the dog’s offspring. (German) The BST is offered in other countries but has varying degrees of similarity or difference. The ADRK ZTP test is the toughest in the world.

The equivalent of the ZTP but in many cases, not as tough or conclusive and in some instances rather meaningless.

An advanced breed test also known as Korung given in Germany and by the ARV. In addition to the requirements of the ZtP, they require a SchH III, IPO III, or VPG III for a male and a SchH I, IPO I, or VPG I for a female. The minimum age for males is 36 months and for females it is 30 months. In addition, they require three show critiques with a SG rating or better, HD/ED certificates and AD title. After this title is achieved, the dog must wait two years before it can attempt a lifetime breeding test. This title deems a dog suitable for breeding by the ADRK for a period of two years at which time they are subject to re-evaluation.

Lifetime breed suitability test. A dog with this title is rated by the ADRK as suitable for breeding for the duration of Breeding Utilization Age (nine years in males and eight years in females). The highest accolade any Rottweiler can achieve. (Our Yaris vom Schwaiger Rathaus is the first eza biz Gkrt Rottweiler in Africa)

DM – Deutsche Meisterschaft (working dog championship held annually by the ADRK)

LS – Leistungssieger (title awarded to the winner of the Deutsche Meisterschaft).

SH – Such Hund (tracking dog)

PH – Polizei Hund (police dog)

DH – Dienst Hund (service dog)

RH – Rettungshund (rescue dog)

HGH – Herdengebaruchshund (herding dog)

BIH – Blinden Hund (blind guide dog)

KrH – Krwigshund (war dog)

LawH – Lawinen Hund (avalanche dog)

MH – Meldehund (military dog)

WH – Wach Hund (watch dog)

V rating – (Vorzuglich) This rating is given in German style shows. The judge will give a detailed report of the dog’s conformation and rate the dog as to how closely it matches the standard. The V rating stands for “excellent” representative of the standard.

SG rating – (Sehr Gut) This rating stands for “very good” representative of the standard. Mistakenly many people think an SG dog is not worthy of breeding and MANY exceptional dogs with incredible characteristic have been lost due to this nonsense way of thinking. WE are committed to using everything that is positive from every dog – health, movement, temperament before “beauty characteristics” – ALWAYS. (Black mouth pigment does nothing to help genetically weak hips for example)

G rating – (Gut) This rating stands for “good” representative of the standard.

NG rating – This rating stands for “not satisfactory” and usually indicates a dog with a major fault.

VVN – (Vielversprechend) This rating stands for “very promising” (puppy class only)

VN – (Versprechend) This rating stands for “promising” (puppy class only)

A rating – (Ausreichend) means sufficient.

M rating – (Mangelhaf) means faulty.

O rating – (zero) failed

U rating – unsatisfactory

GN rating – (Genugend) satisfactory rating

1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A – Eye ratings that are eligible for the Korung and BST. 1A is the darkest possible shade of brown.

3B, 4A – Eye ratings that are eligible for the BST but ineligible for the Korung.

Sieger – This title is given in the German style shows and is equivalent to the male “best in show”. To be awarded this title the dog is required to have a SchH or IPO title and a ZTP, BST or Gekort.

Siegerin – This is the female “best in show” for the German style show and carries the same requirements as the Sieger.

Jugend Sieger – This is the youth male “best in show” for dogs under the age of two. There are no working title requirements.

Jugend Siegerin – This is the youth female “best in show” for dogs under the age of two. There are no working title requirements.

KS and KSg – ADRK Klub Sieger/Siegerin (Germany) The number indicates the year the title was given.

KJS and KJSg – ADRK Klub Youth Sieger/Siegerin (Germany) The number indicates the year the title was given.

BS and BSg – Bundessieger/Bundessiegerin (Germany) The number indicates the year the title was given (Our Yaris was the VDH Bundessieger in 2014)

BJS and BJSg – Bundes Youth Sieger/Siegerin (Germany) The number indicates the year the title was given.

VDH CH – German Champion

Country CH – Devil is CH of South Africa (KUSA) Dogs can obtain championships in many different countries. (Examples: Hung. CH, Can. CH, etc.)

C.A.C. – This is a certificate awarded to a dog to become a National Champion in a FCI recognized country. (RCAC – reserve)

C.A.C.I.B. – (Cerficate d’ Aptitude au Champion at International de Beaute) This is a certificate awarded to a dog to become a FCI International Champion. When a judge issues a CACIB card to a dog he expresses the opionion that this particular animal seems worthy to him to obtain the International Championship title. The CACIB is awarded only at selected International Shows which have been approved by the FCI. (RCACIB – reserve)

Abstammug / Ancestry

Abzeichen / Markings

Abzugen / Offered for sale/stud

Ahnen / Ancestors

Ahnentafel / Pedigree

Allgemeine Erscheinung / General appearance

Alter / Age

Amme / Foster Mother

Angekort / Certified suitable for breeding

Apportierbock / Dumbbell

Aufmerksam / Attentive

Augen / Eyes

Ausbildungskennzeichen / Standard

Ausdruck / Expression

Ausreichend (A) / Satisfactory

Bauch / Belly

Befried igend(B) / Fair

Behaarung / Coat

Belegt / Bred

Besitzer / Owner

Bewegung / Movement

Bewertung / Qualification

Brand / Markings

Braun / Brown

Breit / Broad

Bruder / Brother

Brust / Chest

Brustfleck / Spot on chest

Decken, frei / At public stud

Decktag / Breeding date

Dunkel / Dark

Ehrenpreis / Trophy

Ellenbogen / Elbows

Eltern / Parents

Eng / Narrow

Erziehung / Up bringing

Farbe / Color

Fassbeine / Bow-legged

Fassrippe / Barrel-ribbed

Fehlerhaft / Faulty

Flanke / Loin

Flott / Smart

Fluchtig / Fleet

Flussig / Fluid (movement)

Frohlich / Happy

Gang / Gait

Ganz / Complete

Geschlecht / Sex

Geschulzer Zuchtname / Registered Kennel name

Gesundheit / Sound health

Gewinkelt / Angulated

Geworfen / Whelped

Glatterhaarig / Smoothe – coated

Grau / Gray

Gross / Large

Grosseltern / Grand parents

Gut (G) / Good

Haar / Coat

Hals / Neck, throat

Halsband / Collar

Hart / Hardness

Hinterhand / Hindquarters

Hinterlaufe / Hindlegs

Hitze / Female in season

Hocke / Hock

Hoden / Testicles

Hohe / Height

Hund / Dog (male or female)

Hundin / Bitch

Inzuct / Inbreeding

Jungend / Young puppy

Junghund / Young dog

Kippohr / Soft ear

Klein / Small

Knocken / Bone

Kopf / Head

Kraft / Power

Kraftig / Strong

Kruppe / Croup

Kurz / Short

Lang / Long

Lange / Length

Langhaarig / Long-haired

Lauf / Run

Mangelhaft(M) / Poor

Meldeschein / Registered Certificate

Muskeln / Muscles

Mutter / Dam

Nachschub / Drive

Nagel / Claw

Nase / Nose, muzzle

Oberarm / Upper arm

Oberschlachtig / Overshot

Ohren / Ears

Pfote / Foot

Rasse / Breed

Raum / Space

Reinzucht / Purebred

Richtig / Correct

Rippen / Ribs

Rucke / Back

Rude / Male dog

Rute / Tail

Sattel / Saddle

Schadel / Skull

Scherengebib / Scissor bite

Scheu / Shy

Schoner / Beautiful

Schulter / Shoulder

Schulterblatt / Shoulder blade

Schuss-scheu / Gun-shy

Schussfest / Gun-proof

Schwanz / Tail

Schwarz / Black

Schwester / Sister

Sehr gut (SG) / Very good

Stell / Steep

Temperamentvoll / Temperament complete

Tief / Deep

Traben / Trotting

Trocken / Dry

Uberwinkelt / Over-angulated

Ungenugend(U) / Unsatisfactory

Unterschlachtig / Undershot

Vater / Sire

Verteilung / Allotment

Vorderbeine / Forelegs

Vorderbrust / Forechest

Vorderhand / Forequarters

Vorderfote / Forepaw

Vorschub / Reach

Vorzuglich (V) / Excellent

Weich / Soft

Weise / Manner, way

Weiss / White

Werfen / Whelped

Wesen / Character, temperament

Wesenscheu / Shyness

Widerrist / Withers

Winkelung / Angulation

Wurfdatum / Whelping date

Wurfmeldung / Litter registration

Wurfstarke / Size of litter

Z.B. / Stud book number

Zimmerrein / Housebroken

Zucht / Breeding

Zuchter / Breeder

Zwinger / Kenne

KÖRUNG is the most prestigious of all German titles/honors.
KÖRUNG is an advanced breeding suitability test for the very best German Rottweilers who have already achieved their ZTP. The dog must have received conformation ratings of SG or V at least three times by at least two different judges. Males are required to be titled through Schutzhund III and have attained an AD. Males must be at least thirty-six months of age. Females must have at least a Schutzhund I and be at least thirty months of age. Rottweilers that pass this test are endorsed for a two-year period. At the end of that time, the dog can take the KÖRUNG test again, EZA- and must additionally provide proof of correct progeny. If the dog passes the second time, it is endorsed for breeding until the age of nine years for males and eight years for females, at which time the dog is to be retired. This is the HIGHEST BREEDING caliber dog recognized.

Some of the reasons the eza Koerung is the highest a Rottweiler can be rated:
IPO 3 – temperament, character, courage, biddability
Health (Hips, Elbows, Endurance, fitness and a study of progeny to ensure health passed over to offspring)
Fault free for breeding (conformation) – Things such as pigment, angulation, bite, function, form are all considered (progeny studied from THREE various combinations)
Very good or excellent in appearance and ONLY critiques from ADRK judges (3 different judges are accepted)
Recommended by the ADRK to be used to improve the breed – these are the dogs approved at the highest level and endorsed by the ADRK to improve and stabilize the breed. The privilege of having Yaris vom Schwaiger Rathaus is huge.

FCI Rottweiler Standard Translator: Mrs. Chris Seidler

Origin: Germany

Date of publication of the valid original standard: 16.01.1996

Utilization: Companion, Security and Working dog

Classification: FCI Group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Molossian type and Swiss Mountain and Cattle dogs) Section 2.1 Molossian type, Mastiff type with working trial.

The Rottweiler is considered to be one of the oldest breeds of dog. Its origin goes back to Roman times. These dogs were kept as herder or driving dogs. They marched over the Alps with the Roman legions, protecting the humans and driving their cattle. In the region of Rottweil, these dogs met and mixed with the native dogs in a natural crossing. The main task of the Rottweiler now became the driving and guarding of the herds of cattle and the defence of their masters and their property. This breed acquired its name from the old federal town of Rottweil and was known as the “Rottweil butcher’s dog”.

The butchers bred this type of dog purely for performance and usefulness. In due course, a first rate watch and driving dog evolved which could also be used as a draught dog. When, at the beginning of the twentieth century, various breeds were needed for police service, the Rottweiler was amongst those tested. It soon became evident that the breed was highly suitable for the tasks set by police service and therefore they were officially recognized as police dogs in 1910.

Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, security and working dog.

General Appearance: The Rottweiler is a medium to large size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light and neither leggy nor weedy. His correctly proportioned, compact and powerful build leads to the conclusion of great strength, maneuverability and endurance.

Important Proportions: The length of the body, measured from the sternum (breast-bone) to the ischiatic tuberosity, should not exceed the height at the withers by, at most, 15 %.

Behavior and Character: Being good natured, placid and fond of children in basic disposition, he is very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behavior self assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with great alertness.

Skull: Of medium length, the skull broad between the ears. Forehead line moderately arched as seen from the side. Occipital bone well developed without being conspicious.

Stop: Well defined.

Facial Region

Nose: Straight nasal bridge, broad at base, moderately tapered. Nose well developed, more broad than round with relatively large nostrils, always black.

Muzzle: The foreface should appear neither elongated nor shortened in relation to the cranial region.

Lips: Black, close fitting, corner of the mouth not visible, gum as dark as possible.

Jaw: Upper and lower jaw strong and broad.

Cheeks: Zygomatic arches pronounced.

Teeth: Strong complete dentition (42 teeth) with scissor bite, the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors.

Eyes: Of medium size, almond shaped, dark brown in color. Eyelids close fitting.

Ears: Medium sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, set on high. The close fitting ears, set well forward, give the impression of a broad skull.

Neck: Of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, free from throatiness, without dewlap.

Back: Straight, strong, sturdy.

Loins: Short, strong and deep.

Croup: Broad, of medium length, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away.

Chest: Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50 % of the shoulder height) with well developed fore-chest and well sprung ribs.

Belly: Flanks not tucked up.

Tail: Docked at the first or second joint. In those countries where docking is forbidden by law, the tail may be left in its natural state.

Forequarters: Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the side, looks straight. The slope of the shoulder-blade is about 45 degrees to the horizontal. Shoulders: Well laid back. Upper arm: Close fitting to the body. Forearm: Strongly developed and muscular. Pasterns: Slightly springy, strong, not straight. Feet: Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black and strong. Hindquarters: Seen from behind, legs straight and not too close together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the dog’s upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower thigh and the metatarsal. Upper thigh: Moderately long, broad and well muscled. Lower thigh: Long, strong, broadly muscled at top and sinewy below, merging into sturdy well angulated hocks, not straight. Feet: Slightly longer than the front feet. Just as tight. Arched and with strong toes. Gait: The Rottweiler is a trotting dog. In movement the back remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady, full of energy and unrestricted, with good stride.

Skin on the head: Overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert, the forehead may be slightly wrinkled.


Texture of coat: The coat consists of a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat is of medium length, coarse, dense and flat. The undercoat must not show through the top coat. The hair is a little longer on the buttocks.

Colour: Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail.

Height and weight 

Shoulder height for males: is 61 – 68 cm

61 – 62 cm small

63 – 64 cm medium height

65 – 66 cm large = correct height

67 – 68 cm very large

Weight males: approximately 50 kg

Shoulder height for bitches: 56 – 63 cm.

56 – 57 cm small

58 – 59 cm medium height

60 – 61 cm large = correct height

62 – 63 cm very large

Weight bitches: approximately 42 kg

Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

General Appearance: Light, racy, weedy appearance. Light in bone and muscle.

Head: Hound-type head. Narrow, light, too short, too long or coarse head. Flat forehead. Lack of stop or too little.

Foreface: Long or pointed muzzle; split nose; roman nose or dished nose; aquiline nose; pale or spotted nose (butterfly nose).

Lips: Pendulous, pink or patchy; corner of lips visible.

Jaws: Narrow lower jaw.

Cheeks: Strongly protruding cheeks.

Bite: Pincer bite.

Ears: Set on too low, heavy, long, slack or turned backwards. Also flying ears or ears not carried symmetrically.

Eyes: Light, showing how, deep set. Also round eyes.

Neck: Too long, thin, lacking muscle. Showing dewlap or throaty.

Body: Too long, too short or too narrow.

Back: Too long, weak; sway-back or roach back.

Croup: Croup too sloping, too short, too flat or too long.

Chest: Flat ribbed or barrel shaped. Lack of spring.

Tail: Set on too high or too low.

Forequarters: Narrow or crooked front legs. Steep shoulder placement. Loose or out at elbow. Too long, too short or too straight in upper arm. Weak or straight pasterns. Splayed feet. Too flat or too arched toes. Deformed toes. Light colored nails.

Hindquarters: Flat thighs, hocks too close, cow hocks or open hocked. Joints with too little or too much angulation. Dewclaws.

Skin: Wrinkles on head.

Coat: Soft, too short or too long. Wavy coat, lack of undercoat.

Color: Mismarking. Smudged, not clearly defined markings. Markings which are too spread out.

Disqualifying Faults 

General: Marked reversal of sexual type, i.e. feminine dogs or masculine bitches.

Behaviour: Anxious, shy, cowardly, gun-shy, vicious, excessively suspicious, nervous animals.

Eyes: Entropion, ectropion, yellow eyes, different colored eyes.

Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite, way mouth; missing one incisive tooth, one canine, one premolar and one molar.

Coat texture: Very long or wavy coat.

Coat colour: Dogs which do not show the typical Rottweiler coloring or black with tan markings. White markings.

*N.B.: Males must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum*

Both our Yaris and Chris are IPO 3 titled, the highest working title a Rottweiler can achieve. We take zero credit for this, as Yaris was trained and titled by his dad Rico Oberthur, and Chris was trained and titled by the wonderful Thomas Bachmann. Both dogs received their IPO 3 titles in Germany, under ADRK and VDH judging.

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